If you've just had a new set of garage doors installed, especially if you've had new components installed alongside them, you may expect that you won't have to worry about any major issues for a while. However, if you notice constant issues with your springs wearing down or breaking, there are several reasons this could be happening, even with a brand-new setup.
1. Improper or Lack of Maintenance
If you've had a new door installed, especially if it came with new or different springs and a new garage door opener, what you need to do to maintain it on a regular basis may have changed. For example, if you moved from extension springs to torsion springs, you may need to consider how to clean springs that are in a different location and work in different ways. Doors that operate on tracks are different as well, and with the addition of wheels and bearings, there's a whole new set of components to take care of.
Keeping up with maintenance is important because improperly maintained garage door systems--or ones that aren't maintained at all--are susceptible to effects of wear and tear much faster. If left alone, for example, rust can tear through springs and cause them to break quickly. If you notice that your springs lose their effectiveness far faster than they should be, inspect your entire system and all its components to look for rust, make sure it's properly lubricated, and that you're taking care of everything the way your new system needs it to be done.
2. Spring Installation Issues
It's possible for springs to break down frequently, even if the springs themselves are perfectly fine, and there are two main ways this issue can present itself.
First, you might be using the wrong type of spring. What type of spring you need can be affected by several things, but beyond simply having to choose between torsion and extension spring, you should also consider the weight of your new doors. Even if your new doors use the same type of spring, a difference in weight may cause the new springs to be inadequate and overworked, causing them to wear down faster.
Second, it could be that the springs were not replaced at the same time, meaning that the weight of the doors is imbalanced between the springs. If this happens and you replace each individual spring as it wears down, the imbalance will continue, and both springs will continue to wear down more quickly than they should. A garage door specialist can tell you what type of springs you need, and also help you replace both at the same time and make sure they're installed correctly.
3. Garage Doors Installed Improperly
The primary purpose of your springs is to carry the weight of your doors to make opening and closing them much easier. This will cause some natural wear and tear over the years, but this can happen much faster if your doors are incorrectly installed or misaligned. If your door isn't balanced or faces extra tension, this can put tremendous pressure on your springs that they aren't designed for, and they'll keep breaking. Since the springs aren't the culprit, they'll continue to break even if they are brand-new and perfectly installed.
With this in mind, when you ask a garage door repair person to inspect your system, make sure they check more than just the springs. Door issues themselves aren't always immediately noticeable, and they're worth checking.